The UN warns that one million species face extinction
A landmark report from the United Nations has warned that one million species are now threatened with extinction – many within decades. Extinction happens naturally at a rate of one to five a year, we’re losing species at up to 1,000 times that background rate. The culprits are: changes in land and sea use; direct exploitation (including hunting and fishing); climate change; pollution and invasive alien species. Livestock farming and fishing are at the heart of all of these. Compiled by 145 experts from 50 countries, the report says: “Nature is declining globally at rates unprecedented in human history – and the rate of species extinctions is accelerating, with grave impacts on people around the world now likely”. The authors say it’s not too late to make a difference, but only if we start now at every level from local to global.
United Nations. 2019. Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. https://www.ipbes.net